Volume 30, Issue 2 – March 2022

Cover Volume 30, Issue 02

Derivation and validation of the ABCDMed clinical score to estimate the probability of extubation failure in intensive care units

Abstract Objective: To develop and validate a clinical prediction model to estimate the probability of extubation failure (EF) in the intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: An observational, analytical, prospective cohort study was conducted to derive…

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Methaemoglobinaemia following intravenous regional anaesthesia: Blue lips and brown blood

Abstract Methaemoglobinaemia is a rare complication of prilocaine, mainly affecting individuals with predisposing conditions or those receiving an unusually high dose. However, this case shows that a predetermined safe dose of prilocaine can still produce…

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Pandemics then, now and yet to come

A pandemic is an epidemic of an infectious disease which has spread across a substantial part of the world and affects a large number of individuals.[1] Throughout history the world has constantly suffered from pandemics.…

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Intoxication with lump formation in the oesophagus

Case A 68-year-old man with a medical history of type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnoea, back pain for which oxycodone was prescribed, and absolute canal stenosis with claudication was admitted to the intensive care unit…

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Euglycaemic diabetic ketoacidosis as a severe complication of dapagliflozin

Abstract Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a severe and potentially lethal complication of diabetes. The use of a relatively new class of antihyperglycaemic drugs, the SGLT2 inhibitors, can cause DKA, albeit with a different presentation compared…

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Potential pandemic pathogens series: Zika virus

In the last two years we have experienced the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in our lives and hospitals. Pandemics are part of the history of humanity and we can be certain that in the…

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